What Is Acne?
Though it is commonly believed that acne is something that affects only teenagers,the fact is that acne
can affect people of all ages.
Institutes of Health (NIH) says that
about 80% of people
between 11 and
30 years of age have outbreaks of acne at some point or the other.
Jane Liedtka, medical officer, Food and Drug Administration’s
(FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and
Research (CDER) “Many see their acne go away by
the time they reach their 30s, but for somepeople the acne
persists into their 40s and 50s.”
Fuelled by inflammation of skin
glands and of hair follicles, acne presents itself in the form of pimples, large and small, and other lesions on the skin.
Acnne commonly appears on the face, neck,
back, chest, and shoulders.
Although Acne is generally not a serious health
concern, it can cause a lot of
emotional distress and also permanent scarring of skin.
Clinically, Acne is described as a disease
of the pilosebaceous
units (PSUs). Found just under
the skin, PSUs are numerous on the
face, upper back, and chest, and contain
sebaceous glands that are connected
to hair follicles.
glands produce sebum, an oily substance
that empties onto the skin via
the hair follicle.
Liedtka explains, “it is known that
acne is partly the result of the action
of hormones on the skin’s oil glands
and the hair follicles,” she says. “The
earliest lesion of acne is a plugging of
the pores of the skin.”
Factors related to
• An increase in sex hormones called
androgens that occur in both
boys and girls during puberty.
These hormones cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and produce more
sebum in hair follicles.
• Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy, or the begiining of using birth control pills also lead to acne.
• Your genetics too play an important role in whether you will get acne or not.